What is salmonella bacteria and how to treat it.

Salmonella is a term that refers to a group of several types of bacteria that can cause salmonellosis infection in the intestinal tract. According to WHO, salmonella is one of the main causes of poisoning in the world. Salmonellosis is caused by consumption of food and water contaminated with Salmonella bacteria. This type of bacteria can contaminate meat, fish, eggs, fruits and vegetables. In addition, some pets such as reptiles and birds can spread Salmonella through their feces. 

Salmonella bacteria were first discovered by Theobald Smith in 1885 on a pig's body. And then this type of bacteria is said to be "Salmonella" by his colleague, Daniel Edward Salmon, who is an American pathologist.
common characteristics of people who experience salmonellosis, are among others: diarrhea, abdominal cramps, to fever in 8-72 hours after eating food that has been contaminated by Salmonella. Other symptoms are fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. A simple way to avoid these harmful microbes is to diligently wash hands and maintain the hygiene of the food consumed. But that is still not enough, you can do the method below to reduce the risk of getting food poisoning due to salmonella bacteria. 
  • Cook the eggs thoroughly, both the egg white and the yolk. 
  • Cook whole meat to 63 ° C, ground meat to 71 ° C, and poultry to 74 ° C. This is because at this temperature most of the bacteria in food will die, thus minimizing your risk of getting an infection. 
  • Store hot and cold food separately. 
  • Do not leave food open to air for more than two hours. 
  • Differentiate cutting boards or other cooking utensils for raw food and cooked food. 
  • Wash the cooking utensils after using them. 
  • Always wash your hands before handling food 
What are some factors that increase the risk of getting salmonellosis?
- Travel or work in an area detected by the Salmonellosis epidemic. 
- Work in the laboratory or make contact with salmonella bacteria. 
- Make direct contact with typhus patients. 
- Has a weak immune system due to the use of drugs such as corticosteroids or HIV / AIDS. 
- Drinking water contaminated with salmonella bacteria. 

How to treat salmonellosis
Salmonellosis is treated with antidiarrheal drugs and antibiotics at the right dose. For some people, the symptoms subside on their own after 2-3 days. Treatment in this case only serves to replace fluids lost due to vomiting and diarrhea. But if you have a fever and a serious infection (typhoid fever), you need antibiotic treatment. Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration. After that, you can gradually eat normal food again. Dairy products can make diarrhea worse so you have to avoid milk for several days. If diarrhea gets worse, you will need to undergo intravenous therapy . However, if the condition get worse, immediately consult a doctor. In addition to getting the right treatment, doctors can also identify Salmonella bacteria that cause infection. 

So that's an explanation of salmonella bacteria and how to handle them. if you don't want to be infected by Salmonellosis you should always pay attention to the hygiene of your food and drink. remember you should avoid undercooked foods because it can increase your risk of getting this disease. Salmonellosis usually occurs in developing countries especially in the Asian region. Because of the low level of hygiene and the amount of undercooked processed food. 

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