What is PTSD and how to treat it

PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) is triggered by events that has been experienced or witnessed. Examples of traumatic events that can trigger this condition are traffic accidents, natural disasters, acts of crime such as rape or robbery, or experience on the battlefield.
PTSD and how to treat it
PTSD is a category of anxiety disorders that make patients unable to forget or otherwise do not want to remember the traumatic experience, and think negatively about themselves and the world around them. This condition is generally characterized by nightmares, feeling isolated, irritated, having feelings of guilt, difficulty concentrating, and having a difficulty to sleep or insomnia. 
Signs of someone affected by PTSD

Here are the indications that someone has PTSD: 
  • The tendency to avoid talking about a topic that makes them traumatized. Can be a sign that someone has PTSD. 
  • Always having negative thoughts, someone who has PTSD disorder always thinks negatively of themselves and others. usually they then feel alienated from their surroundings. 
  • scared and feeling guilty when remembering memories in the past. 
  • Emotional change. This change is indicated by differences in physical and emotional reactions, such as difficulty concentrating, feeling alert, easily surprised and fearful, easily irritated or angry, and having a difficulty to sleep. 
PTSD does not only occur in adults, many teenagers also experienced this. because PTSD is caused by trauma that keeps the mind to remember it. 

How to treat PTSD disorders
Usually someone who is affected by PTSD can recover by themselves without special handling. As long as they are always open. But there are some special case, those affected by PTSD get worse and interfere with daily activities. People who have severe PTSD disorders need further treatment steps, namely a combination of psychological therapy and drug administration. 

For psychological therapies provided include: 
  • Cognitive behavioral threapy (CBT). A therapy that is usually done from 8 to 12 sessions aims to overcome the problems faced by changing the patient's way of think and act. . 
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). 
  • A therapy by moving the eyes sideways following the therapist's hand movements aims to relieve PTSD symptoms. However, it is not yet clear how this therapy can treat PTSD symptoms. 
  • Therapy exposure. This therapy aims to help patients to deal with the situation effectively after experiencing a traumatic event. 
  • Group therapy, This therapy aims to treat PTSD symptoms in patients by talking about traumatic experiences with other people in a group who have similar experiences or problems. 
Meanwhile, drugs that are usually prescribed by a doctor in a PSTD case include: 
  • Antidepressants. This medicine is usually used to overcome problems with sleeping difficulty and improve concentration. Antidepressants are usually given to patients aged 18 years and over within 12 months before being gradually reduced for about 4 weeks. Examples of antidepressant drugs are mirtazapine, amitriptyline, and phenelzine. 
  • Prazosin. This medicine is given to overcome problems related to insomnia due to repeated nightmares. 
  • Antiansietas. This medicine is given to reduce anxiety in patients with PTSD. Antiansietas is usually only given in a short period of time because they are vulnerable to abuse. Mood changes will be seen after administration of medication for several weeks. 
So that's the explanation for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) and how to treat it. If you like this article, share it with your friends. Thank you for reading my article. Continue to visit the Rinaldipedia website to get information, tips about health. 

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